OCCLUSION AND TMD

Diagnostic and treatment of occlusion and temperomandibular disorders

Occlusion

The contacts between upper tooth and lower teeth are called occlusion.
The definition are only completed when the dynamic, morphologic and funcional relation between every components of mastigatory system (tooth, dental support estructures, neuromuscular system, temperomandibular articulations and craniofacial skeleton are mentioned.

Check if you're occlusion are correct.

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Temperomandibular disfunction (TMD) and orofacial pain

Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a problem affecting the 'chewing' muscles and the joints between the lower jaw and the base of the skull. This is one of the most complex joints in human body, and are responsible for the lower haw movments (front, back and to the side).

Any problem that leads to an anormal function of the mucle and ligament system, articular disc or bones are called TMD. TMD gives normally the sensation that the jaw is popping and clicking, the jaw may feel tight, as if it is stuck, and sometimes is hard to close the mouth for instants. To diagnose this type of disorder is necessary to make specific exams, and a clinical observation.

What are the symptoms?
TMD disorders have many signs and symptoms. It's hard to know for sure if you suffer from TMD. Some of the most common symptoms of TMD are:

  • headaches (often similar to migraines)
  • earaches, pain and pressure behind the eyes;
  • a "click" or popping sound when opening or closing the mouth;
  • pain to gape at the very opening the mouth or chewing;
  • jaws that "get stuck", lock or out of place;
  • sagging of the jaw muscles
  • a sudden change in the way the upper and lower teeth fit together.

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