Skeletal problems, dental misalignment, and occlusal disharmonies


What is orthodontics?

Orthodontics is the area of Dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of skeletal problems, dental misalignment, and occlusal disharmonies.

Orthodontic intervention also aims at aesthetic correction, but mainly the correction of skeletal problems to achieve a stable occlusion from the dental point of view of the jaw joint. Specific orthodontic devices are used for this purpose: removable appliances and fixed appliances.

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When should the first orthodontic diagnosis be made?
The first orthodontic diagnosis should be made around 6 years old, to evaluate skeletal problems and delays in tooth eruption that can be corrected with the use of functional appliances (fixed or removable) through "interceptive orthodontics" which can be applied from 6 to 12 years old.

Fixed orthodontic appliances can be placed from the age of 12 for dental alignment and correction of bite disharmonies in the patient. Orthodontic treatment can also be carried out in adults with good periodontal support.

The evolution of techniques and materials in Orthodontics now allows for new methods and more options in terms of orthodontic appliances, resulting in faster, more comfortable, and more aesthetic treatments for the patient.

Conventional Orthodontics

Conventional Orthodontics is based on the placement of fixed appliances with metal brackets and a sequence of metal archwires.

Although older, conventional orthodontics has innovated in recent years and although the appliance is visible from an aesthetic point of view, it is still a comfortable option for the patient with comprehensive and effective mechanics.

Aesthetic Orthodontics

To address the aesthetic problems of conventional orthodontics, fixed appliances with ceramic brackets and aesthetic archwires emerge, which have a color close to the color of tooth enamel, or even transparent, in order to camouflage the constituent elements of the dental appliance.

Although aesthetic, the brackets are bulkier and have a greater tendency to fracture.

Invisible Orthodontics

The most innovative concept in Aesthetic Orthodontics comes with Invisible Orthodontics based on two state-of-the-art systems: Lingual Orthodontics and Invisalign System.

In Lingual Orthodontics, orthodontic appliances are placed on the non-visible surface of the teeth, allowing dental alignment without the appliance being visible.

The Invisalign System is based on a sequence of transparent aligners, which allow small corrections of dental misalignment in a comfortable and invisible way.

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